Agriculture in Nigeria have improved sporadically over the past few years. Farming in Nigeria only became an occupation just few years ago.
The Nigerian soil and climatic condition is very suitable for the production of wide verities of crops, there are over a hundred different food crops produced by farmers in Nigeria on yearly basis which includes yam, maize, millet, sorghum, beans, potatoes, rice, onions garbage, carrot, pear, cocoa, cocoa yam, okra, vegetables and very many others
Nigeria is the world number 1 producer of cassava... Cassava farming has taken the center stage in Nigeria and contributes over 45 percent of Nigerian agricultural GDP. Agriculture in Nigeria contributes merely about 20 percent of the Nigeria total GDP, trailing after petroleum which is the major Nigerian domestic produce.
Although Nigeria depends heavily on the oil industry for its budgetary revenue it is believed that if the agricultural sector is properly managed and enhanced, it would greatly boost the country's gross domestic product and even replace oil on the top of the list. considering the vast area of land that is unused in Nigeria.
In 1990, about 82 million hectares out of Nigeria's total land area of about 91 million hectares were found to be arable, and merely 42 percent of this cultivable area was farmed. Much of this land was farmed under the bush fallow system, a process whereby land is left idle for a period of time to allow natural regeneration of soil fertility and replacement of soil nutrient.
It is believed that the agricultural sector is one of Nigeria's potential source of revenue that is yet underdeveloped and untapped.
Agricultural practices in Nigeria also include the rearing of animals for meat production, poultry birds, diary animals and also animal that serves as beast of burden - aides in the transportation of goods and man.
Livestock farming is a very important aspect of agriculture in Nigeria, the Nigerian community depend mostly on meat from cows and chicken. meat in Nigeria is an important part of the Foods eaten in Nigeria, suffice it to say that Nigerians don't cook foods without meat or fish.
the kind of animals reared in Nigeria includes - Cow, Goat, Sheep, Cattle, Pig, Horse and several others while poultry birds includes chicken, turkey, duck, pigeons and others
Agriculture in Nigeria could use a push on the right bottom if success is expected, there is a need for the education of farmers, most farmer in Nigeria who engage in subsistence agriculture believe that if provided with the resources required; the land would be properly utilized and this would greatly reduce the high level of food stuff importation.
There are lots of problem hampering the production of food crops in Nigeria and rearing of animals, chiefly among them is electricity. Over 40 percent of Nigeria perishable goods get spoilt after harvest due to the lack of electricity needed for the storage. Electricity is needed for the running of large farm equipment, most Nigerian farmer simply chose to stick with manual labor as the cost of running machines with alternative source of power is quite steep.
Another problem facing agriculture in Nigeria is the lack of good roads needed for the transportation of harvested crops from the farm land to the main roads, most farms in Nigeria are located about a mile away from the main road and the only entrance to these farms are mostly a path beaten by the foot of men.
Nigeria Farmers also encounter the problems of funds needed for running a farm and construction of farm houses and proper storage system.
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